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BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY
THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
DIVISION OF IMMIGRATION AND AMERICANIZATION
A;N N UAL REPORT
July 1, 1963 - June 30, 1964
THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Dr. Owen B. Kiernan - Commissioner
DIVISION OF IMMIGRATION AND AMERICANIZATION
Mrs. Teofilia K. Tattan - Supervisor of Social Service
BOARD OF THE DIVISION OF MIGRATION AND AMERICANIZATION
1966 Mrs. Gemma Valenti - Medford Chairman
1965 Mrs. Edith M. Brickman - Brookline
1965 Mrs. Carol Offenbach, Melrose
1966 Mr. Robert Patenaude, North Adams
1967 Mrs. Mary E. Twomey, Belmont
DISTRICT IMMIGRATION AGENTS
Mr. Andrew W. Ansara - Lawrence Office, 301 Essex Street
Mr. Daniel J. Donahue - Fall River Office, $1 Franklin Street
Mr. John A. Mclnnes - Springfield Office, 235 Chestnut Street
Mr. Edmund B. Meduski - Worcester Office, 7U Front Street
DIVISION OF IMMIGRATION AND AMERICANIZATION
YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1961*
The end of the fiscal year, June 30, 1961;, completed the l*7th year of service
of the Division of Immigration and Americanization, originally established as the
Bureau of Immigration in 1917, and since 1919 a Division in the Department of
The total services rendered in the five offices were 1*3, UU8, a slight increase
over the previous year and shows the full capacity of work which a total personnel
of 17 employees accomplished for 21,1*03 individuals who were served by our five
offices. Of this total, 11,1*22 came to the Boston Office j Fall River, 1,853;
Lawrence, 2,121; Springfield, 2,688; and Worcester, 3,319- The Boston Office re-
ported 2U,998 services with a personnel of 9 workers; Fall River, 3,722; Lawrence,
$,762; Springfield, 3,715; and Worcester 5,21*7 with two employees in each branch
WHAT WE DO
In classifying and recording the work, the Division uses a basis of services
rather than a client count. The services may be roughly divided into three general
categories; i.e., the giving of information on immigration and naturalization
problems; the filling of the federal forms which are required by the Government for
immigration and naturalization purposes; and the help given in execution of affi-
davits of support to bring immigrants to this country. Work with newly arrived immi-
grants, which usually requires interpretation service, includes help and advice in
personal problems of adjustment to the new land.
Of the 108 nationalities - or places of birth - as we recorded our statistics,
the Italians were greatest in number - 6,231* (U,035 - Boston). That is the nation-
ality, the largest foreign speaking group of new immigrants residing in Massachu-
setts; Canadians numbered 5,581* (Boston - 3,38l). Many were change of status
assisted, as they had come to the United States on temporary entrance. These
visitors, or students, were assisted in completing the proper documentation and cor-
respondence with the United States Consuls in Canada, so that on arrangement of
appointments with the Consul abroad, they were able to return in a few days with the
proper permanent resident visa. We list 1*,1*08 persons born in the United States
(Boston - 2,1*36) for whom we rendered services. Many of these wore sponsors of
foreign born mates for whom we initiated procedures and assisted in reunion of
families. Many were sponsors in affidavits of support for relatives from abroad.
There are also those who, though born in the United States, had lived abroad since
childhood, married there and had families and now recently returned to the country
of their birth. Even though native born, they had problems of learning English and
becoming acclimated to a "new country".
A notable increase is shown in the number of Cubans - 3,971 services (Boston -
2,Ul5). The past year showed a marked increase in applications to become legal per-
manent residents in the United States. We filed documentation at nearby American
Consuls in Canada and received appointments for them. For many, the hope of return
to their country of birth is getting more and more remote.
Of the 3,07U Portuguese born persons, the Fall River Office reported 2,072
clients, their largest group of the nationalities served. The Southeastern section
of Massachusetts is still the locale for the majority of Portuguese and Cape Verde
Island born persons.
Polish born persons numbered 2,3U3 (Boston - 1,087); Ireland, 1,863 (Boston -
1,U3U); Greece, 1,706; Germany, 1,U12; England, 1,015; Chinese born, 928; Jamaica,
627; Lebanon, 598; Lithuania, U60; U.S.S.R., U28; etc., with a goodly number from
the new countries as Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Libya (see statistical sheet attached).
RESIDENCE OF APPLICANTS
The greatest number of services were recorded for the clients who resided in the
cities where our offices are maintained, although practically every town and city
of the Commonwealth is represented. The localities in numerical order are: Boston,
lii,10U; Worcester, 3,2U6; Lawrence, 2,722; Springfield, 2,007; Fall River, 2,003;
Cambridge, 1,661; Lowell, 1,573; Brookline, 1,023; New Bedford, 1,000; and Somerville
995; etc. (see statistical sheet attached).
— «... | I ■! I I I I | I M ■■■!!! ■■ I I WJTOHIM II IWh
Immigration matters of varying kinds ranging from the making of an affidavit
for the purpose of bringing relatives to the United States to the changing of an
irregular or temporary status to a legal one on the part of the persons already here
is a major part of our work. The complexities of the immigration and citizenship
laws, with the small quotas for the countries where so many of our clients come from
as Italy, Portugal, Greece, etc., bring the majority of requests for our services.
Families separated by the quota situation hope for new legislation to remedy their
Family separations are many, as that of the Italian born father who came to
the United States on the petition of his naturalized daughter. He now faces a
separation of over three years until his wife and children may join him since they
are accorded third preference category in the quota, which priority he did establish
on his petition. Because of the many waiting their turn in this category, he must
A Greek mother of a citizen for whom the petition was approved ten years ago,
still awaits her turn to come to the United States even though she is in the second
preference category! ! I The case of a Greek young lady was much publicized in the
Boston newspapers. She came to the United States to study but she faced deportation
to Greece because of the unavailability of a quota number. Her Russian born parents
had come to the United States but were unable, under technicalities of the law, to
adjust the status of their daughter since she had reached her majority (she was 22)
and could not benefit on her parents' quota. A solution to her case has been ini-
tiated by the intercession of a Congressman filing a Private Bill.
An Italian born nephew, for whom the uncle had made an affidavit and who regis-
tered at the Consul in Argentina in 19U9, still awaits his turn to come to the
United States in the non-preference category of the Italian quota.
An adult daughter of a citizen born in Barbados, awaits her turn to come from
Bridgetown for ten years. The Jamaican born niece of a citizen of the United States
has been registered at the Consulate for many years and still her turn has not been
reached. The quota allocations cause many family separations and problems. Many
hope for enactment of pending legislation in Congress for a solution in the reunion
of close relatives.
A Visa Office Bulletin of the Department of State, January, 19 6h, lists the
total number of oversubscriptions as 806,1*08 - 630,021 of which are in the nonpre-
ference category. The following quota areas have pending registrations of 10,000
COUNTRY OVERSUBSCRIBED ANNUAL QUOTA
Italy 263,57b' 5,666
Greece 105,233 308
Poland 68,701 6,1*88
Portugal 63,293 U38
Yugoslavia 33,795 9^2
Turkey 17,180 225
Israel l5,79U 100
Spain 15.258 250
India 15, 081* 100
Jamaica .11, 55U 100
Philippines ll,l8U 100
Hungary 10,119 865
Rumania 10,063 289
The records show that we assisted 2,710 persons in execution of affidavits of
support. Many of these are in behalf of Irish and Canadian born relatives where
there is no quota problem. The World Fair has been the excuse given in many a
visitor's affidavit made by relatives of persons visiting them from abroad during
this World Fair Year.
We assisted 333 persons to change status to permanent residence while in the
United States. The majority of them were aliens on temporary status in the United
States who had married citizens and now wanted to remain in the United States. The
next in number were persons who came from South America, Argentina, Brazil or Centra]
America as Costa Rica, Honduras and Panama, who came on temporary status as visitors
or students and who now wish to remain in the United States. There is no quota
situation for natives of these countries and such persons were able to comply with
all the requirements of the immigration law and were able to change status and
become residents of the United States without returning to their homeland. The
majority of them were for young adults who, since coming to the United States, had
become acclimated to making their homes in America and had prospects in most cases,
of employment. Our Social Workers initiated the procedure by completing the neces-
sary application, assembling the required documentation, translating the required
documents as birth, marriage and other records, and attending hearings with them
before the United States Immigration Service where the application was acted on. Our
Social Workers accompanied the applicants on 237 change of status hearings.
However, the former seaman, now resident in the United States and married to a
native born citizen and, in many cases, father of a United States born child or chil-
dren, could not adjust by this application under Section 2h$ of the Immigration and
Nationality Law. He had to go abroad in his application for immigrant visa. After
much correspondence and presentation of documentation which the Consul required,
several Greek born, former seamen were able to go to countries nearby and get a
visa. This was not possible to do in Canada. Several Italian born former seamen
returned to Italy and, fortunately, were able to return with the proper visas in a
few months after the preliminary requirements had been prepared by our Social
For some, even the adjustment to a permanent resident is not possible, either
by Section 2US - remaining in the United States to complete this procedure - or by
going abroad, as this group - Americans married to persons who came to the United
States as Exchange Visitors - adjustment of status under the present regulations of
the Exchange Program has been impossible in most cases. The proof of "extreme
hardship" to the citizen spouse or child has been most difficult to show. The citi-
zen spouse, in several cases, has gone abroad with her spouse to fulfill the two
NEWLY ARRIVED MIGRANTS
Last year showed that 13,571 immigrants came to Massachusetts from abroad. The
greatest number was from Canada. Information regarding various immigration matters
shows our largest number of services as we gave information to some 8,237 clients in
The following chart shows the nationalities of immigrants admitted last year to
Massachusetts - Year ending June 30, 1963:
United Kingdom l,5l£
All Other U,k6k
In the past ten years, 108,896 new immigrants have come to Massachusetts. The
following chart shows the number admitted yearly:
We sent 5,2liU letters of welcome to the new immigrants. From 2,835, we -..
had requests for services. They came either in answer to our welcome letter or
referral by a friend. The problems of assimilation are many. Of great concern is
the matter of learning the language - becoming citizens - as well as where to fulfill
requirements for the draft, change of address, job opportunities and information for
opportunities to join social groups of their own nationalities.
The past year brought emphasis on problems of the "domestic" who had come to
the United States on employer sponsorship. Many were arranged through professional
employment agencies. Several were disappointed that the employment was in a town
distant from the city where they had hoped to follow courses of study at nightj
others desired to leave their employer because the work was harder than anticipated.
In some cases, the employer was dissatisfied and wished to have the employee leave .
and be devoid of his "guarantee" and responsibility.
IMMIGRATION FROM BEHIND THE IRON CURTAIN
Inquiries from many clients come to have relatives come from behind the Iron
Curtain as Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Bulgaria, Rumania, etc. There have been a
few successful cases among them. We start the procedure in these applications by
executing a petition in English and in the Russian languages. Then the document is
duly legalized by the Secretary of State of the Commonwealth and then by the Depart-
ment of State in Washington, D. C. It is send abroad to the relative in U.S.S.R. to
apply for the Exit Permit from the proper authorities. Applicants in U.S.S.R. have
found that several applications had to be made before given the Exit Permits to
leave. Many never get the Permit.
One family had to renew the application yearly for five years, but finally,
this past Summer, a mother, sister and brother were reunited with their sister in
the vicinity of Boston. The U.S.S.R. officials had permitted them to come from
Erevan, Armenia, Russia.
Two elderly mothers from Lithuania came to Massachusetts, one from Estonia
and a father from Latvia.
Many of the applications in which we assisted were made for brothers, sisters
and spouses and which have met with refusals so far. There is always a flood of
inquiries and hopeful applications when newspaper articles appear of successful
arrivals as recently a Lithuanian actress in California was happy in having her
grandmother join her from Lithuania.
From Hungary, the past year has witnessed the reunion of children in two famil-
ies with their parents who had tried for some five years previously to have them
come without success.
Of the 180,000 Cubans in the United States, it is estimated there are now about
ii,000 Cubans living in Massachusetts. We initiated 385 change of status cases last
year for Cuban persons. The procedure begins by filling the proper registration
form at Consuls in nearby Canada. Further correspondence, presenting the proper
documentation and required evidence to comply with all the immigration laws is
approved before this procedure is completed. Personal documents as birth, marriage
records, police clearances to accompany applications must have translations attached.
Some 3U5 translations alone were made from the Spanish for this group. Presently,
the United States Consuls in Canada have so many applications pending their atten-
tion that a form letter is sent on receipt of an application. It informs the appli-
cant that his name has been placed on the Administrative List and some months will
pass before the Consul can start the processing of the application. Seventy-seven
such cases were completed for permanent residence in the United States from Canada.
A number were families of three and four persons. The majority were single, young
adults; several professional persons and many were of the clerical group who were
employed by local insurance companies and banks.
The vicinity of Boston has the largest number of Cuban residents. Many reside
in the Back Bay Section of Boston with goodly numbers in Arlington, Belmont, Water-
town, Cambridge and Waltham. Although hope of return to their homeland has not been
completely abandoned, that possibility appears further and further away for many.
Now that there is no direct transportation from Cuba, there is no hope for
relatives to come from there under "waiver" and parolee procedures. A number of
Cubans have been able to go to Spain. We have assisted relatives to be reunited in
this group by execution of affidavits of support and correspondence with the consul
in Spain so that visas were issued and they entered the United States as residents.
Several families came via Jamaica. Others have been able to get into Mexico
and are sponsored from there to the United States. There are still many cases of
children left in Cuba who are unable to come to the United States, and many who hope
for reunion with their wives left in Cuba. Our Spanish speaking Social Worker is
concerned with matters for many Cubans who still lack the knowledge of English.
Noticeably, there is an improvement in knowledge of English now among this group,
especially those who are in their early twenties. They, in two years time, seem
to have advanced considerably well. Many who had acquired English have benefited
by being able to leave their hospital jobs and enter the banking and accounting
NON-CITIZENS IN MASSACHUSETTS
Massachusetts is the eighth state in number of aliens in the United States
California - 767,022
New York - 608,120
Texas - 2l|6,280
Illinois - 203, U06
Florida - 175,hkQ
New Jersey - 172,331
Michigan - 135, Ul2
Massachusetts - 135? 3Ul
Pennsylvania - 10U 5 5U9
Ohio - 86,958
In January, 135, 3iil persons reported their address as non-citizens. The
nationalities were as fellows:
All other permanent -
Other than permanent-
Foreign stock, as defined by the Census Bureau, is comprised of foreign born
persons and natives born of foreign, or mixed foreign and native parentage. In the
United States, one in each five United States residents is of foreign stoc 1 :, accord-
ing to the I960 census results. In Massachusetts, the so-called "foreign s^ock" is
hP% of the total population.
TOTAL POPULATION - MASSACHUSETTS 5, 1U9, 317
Native born U,572,865 - 88.8$
Native parentage 3,091,008 - 60%
Foreign or mixed parentage 1,1*81,857 - 28.8$
Foreign born 576,1x52 - 11.2
Persons in Massachusetts of "foreign stock" are 2,058,309 or 1*0$ of the total
population of the state.
MOTHER TONGUE OF FOREIGN BORN IN MASSACHUSETTS
For the 576,452 foreign born persons listed in Massachusetts, the mother tongue
is listed as follows:
- 84, 848
NATURALIZATION AND CITIZENSHIP
We assisted 2,022 persons in becoming citizens and filled applications for
naturalization. Declarations of Intention were made for 181 persons who found this
necessary either for employment or to enter military service. 581 persons who were
citizens through their parents were aided in procedures which sometimes involved cor-
respondence in getting necessary birth records and evidence of long residence in the
United States. They found it necessary to apply for Certificates of Cit senship to
prove citizenship in order to get registered to vote or to obtain United States pass-
ports for travel or for employment purposes. One applicant, who had been voting for
many years under the assumption that his father was naturalized during his minority,
found that when his birth certificate came from abroad, he was over 21 years of age
at the time of the father's naturalization so that he had no right to vote. He had
to get naturalized after living in the United States over fifty years.
The newer immigrants, especially from the Communist Controlled countries, are
applying for naturalization as soon as possible. There were several elderly appli-
cants desirous of getting housing in the public housing projects who found it
necessary to get naturalized in order to qualify.
We have been able to assist a number of the Philippine born servicemen of the
United States Coast Guard or Navy Service in getting naturalized. They were those
persons who had been in service some ten years but who had enlisted in the Philip-
pines for this service. Regulations provide that on termination of their service,
they are to leave the United States and are inelig ble for naturalization unless an
entry as an immigrant is made. For a number of them who had married native born
girls, we assisted them in obtaining immigrant visas by completing procedures and
getting appointments for them with consuls in Canada. After their return from Canad
and now having a recorded entry into the United States and being able to qualify
with three years or more service in the Armed Forces, they were able to get natu-
ralized as citizens of the United States.
For lip. persons, we filled forms to get duplicate naturalization certificates
which were lost. For persons who derived citizenship, 581 applications were made.
Election year, with the necessity of voters to produce evidence of citizenship in
order to register to vote, reminds individuals more forcibly of this need.
NEW RULING FOR NATURALIZED CITIZENS
Angelika Schneider, a Massachusetts resident who appealed her case to the
Supreme Court, won a favorable decision regarding her citizenship which will affect
some 1^0,000 citizens of the United States. The regulations and manner of procedure
of restoration of "lost citizenship" is still being worked out by the United States
Immigration and Naturalization Service and we have had many inquiries about this
On May 18, 196U, the United States Supreme Court, in a far-reaching decision
in Schneider v. Rusk, declared unconstitutional the provisions of the Immigration
and Nationality Act expatriating naturalized citizens who have resided continuously
for three years in their native country. The court, by vote of five to three, with
one Justice abstaining, found the provision in violation of the due process clause
of the United States Constitution.
The impact of the decision, and the number of people affected cannot be estim-
ated at this time. Not only does it affect naturalized citizens presently living
abroad, but also the children, and in some cases, the grandchildren of naturalized
citizens who may have died abroad long ago and who had been found expatriated under
the provision. If the children were born to American citizens, they derived citi-
zenship from their parents, and they, in turn may have conferred citizenship upon
their children. Because of the various changes of United States nationality laws
over the years, many problems may arise frcm this ruling.
The appellant, a German national by birth, came to the United States with her
parents when a small child. She derived United States citizenship at the age of
sixteen through her mother. During her college years, she studied abroad, became
engaged and married a German national. Thereafter, she resided in Germany for more
than three years. She made two visits to the United States. Two of her four chil-
dren are dual nationals (persons born abroad of parents one of whom is a United
States citizen who prior to the birth of the child was physically present in the
United States for not less than ten years, at least five of which were after the age
of fourteen). The other two children were born after Mrs. Schneider had been
denied her passport and had been declared expatriated. She sued for a declaratory
judgment in the District Court for the District of Colombia and that Court held
against her. The decision was appealed to the United States Supreme Court. The
Court, in an opinion which for its importance is comparatively brief, found the
PENDING IMMIGRATION LEGISLATION
No new immigration legislation was enacted last year. Since the enactment of
of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, numerous organizations have urged
changes in the laws. Of special concern has been the revision of the national .
origins quota system which allocated quotas to countries based on ancestry of the
population in the United States in 1920. Bills with this objective have been intro-
duced in every session of Congress. Most of them, however, also contained proposals
for revision of other aspects in the law, both minor and important.
No bill with general revision aspects has received so much consideration until
this year when many bills introduced by single sponsorship and others like S.1932
sponsored by some 27 Senators, or other bills, introduced in the House of Represen-
tatives sponsored by over 50 Representatives. Another bill sponsored by the Admin-
istration received much attention. Hearings by the several Judiciary Committees
were held and many persons gave testimony both for the bills and some against. The
Attorney General of the United States, Hie Secretary of State, Secretary of Labor,
appeared in favor of revision. However, it appears at this time that the possibil-
ity of enactment of an immigration law revision is very dim this year.
In general, the proposals are concerned with a gradual elimination of the
national origin quota system over a period of five years. The National Origins quot'
system, is: the system under which each country outside the Western Hemisphere has a
specific number - a quota - of immigrants admitted to the United States yearly. Thi:-
allocation is given to each country as its proportion of the total - equal to the
proportion of the white population in the United States in 1920, whose national
origin was attributed to that particular country.
Great Britain, for instance, gets 65,361 of the total quota of roughly 157,000
(of which it usually uses only about hP%) . Poland, on the other hand, get 6,UG0;
Italy, 5,666; Hungary, 065; and Greece, 308 (all of which have heavily oversubscribe
quotas ) .
Under the present law, the minimum quota for any country is 100. Moreover,
persons of one-half Asian ancestry, unlike all others, regardless of place of birth
are chargeable to the quota assigned to the Asian area from which they originally
derived by their Asian ancestry.
There is no numerical limitation on admission of persons born in the Western
Hemisphere, except for those from colonies or such former colonies as Jamaica,
Trinidad and Tobago. The present annual quota is approximately 157,000.
The major changes proposed in several of the bills are: Abolishment of the
national origins quota system over a five year^period in the following manner: It
reduces each quota by 20$ a year; that is, 20$ the first year; hp% the second year;
60% the third year; 80$ the fourth year, so that by the end of the fifth year there
are no country quotas.
The numbers that become available by the annual reduction in quotas plus all
unused numbers of the prior years go into a quota reserve pool. Numbers within the
pool are to be allocated on a first come first served basis with priorities for
persons with skills and close relatives.
Priorities in the present law prevail with certain exceptions as follows:
Parents of United States citizens get nonquota status and the preference category
has added to it (a) parents of aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence and
(b) qualified quota immigrants capable of performing specified functions for which a
shortage of capable and willing persons exists in the United States.
No quota area can receive more than 10$ of the total or l6,£00, except that
during the first five years no country shall have its present quota reduced by more
than the annual 20$ authorized.
Establish minimum quotas of 200 for each quota area instead of 100. This would
increase to 165,000 the immigrants permitted to enter the United States instead of
the present l£6,987.
Extend Western Hemisphere nonquota status to all independent countries as
Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago.
Persons entitled to first preference category will no longer have to have
employment assurances to enter the United States.
Eliminate discrimination against Asians - repealing the Asian-Pacific Triangle.
In speaking for the revision of the Immigration Laws, Secretary of Labor, W.
Willard Wirtz, assured the Committee that the proposed changes would not have an
adverse effect on the labor market in the United States. He said, among other
things: "In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the flow of immigrants into the
United States helped satisfy the labor needs of our developing industries such as
coal mining, apparel and transportation. In contrast, a greater percentage of
immigrants entering this country during the past two decades have been professional
and technical -worker category. Under the present law, approximately 8,600 quota
immigrants entering the labor market are craftsmen, foremen and kindred workers.
The Jproposed revision would bring this category up to about 13,800 representing
about one of every five worker immigrants. We have benefited greatly from the
diversified education training and knowledge brought here by immigrants. During the
1952-1961 period, the United States profited when some 1U,000 immigrant physicians
and surgeons and about 28,000 nurses helped alleviate the shortage of trained
personnel in the critical medical field. Some U,900 chemists and nearly 1,100
physicists contributed their technical knowhow to industry and government. Fifteen
of the United States Nobel prize winners in the field of chemistry and physics were
foreign-born. More than 12,000 immigrant technicians, the vitally needed men and
women who assist and support scientists and engineers, were also admitted during the
1952-1961 period. About 9,000 machinists and 7,000 tool and die makers added their
skills to our supply of craftsmen."
Any change in legislation affecting immigrants in this State, with its high
proportion of foreign born, casts the prospect of the many continued services which
we shall be called upon to perform.
Cooperation with many private and public social agencies continue to our mutual
benefit in exchange of special technical information regarding social work problems
and information on citizenship and immigration procedure. We are fortunate to have
good relationship and expert assistance from the United States Immigration and
Naturalization Service Office in Boston. Cooperation with teachers and adult civic
groups, supervisors and directors, continue.
Leaders of foreign speaking groups have called on us for assistance and explana-
tion of immigration and citizenship laws and encouragement towards naturalization.
The work of the office has been explained before groups and addresses on radio and
once in a television program. As a member of the National Organization - American
Immigration and Citizenship Conference - and Social Worker organizations, we parti-
cipate in their many programs.
Our booklet, recently revised, "THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES and
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS IN PREPARATION FOR NATURALIZATION EXAMINATION" received wide
distribution. Each applicant we assist for citizenship is given a copy. Some
10,000 copies are distributed yearly to many schools for use in citizenship classes,
to libraries, as well as to various courts having naturalization hearings, civic
groups and through all our District Offices.
We conduct no publicity campaigns and the ever increasing calls for our services
attests to the fulfillment of the duties of the Division of Immigration and Ameri-
canization as designated in the law under which the Division operates:
"The Division of Immigration and Americanization shall employ
such methods, consistent with law, as in its judgment will
tend to bring into sympathetic and mutually helpful relations
the Commonwealth and its residents of foreign origin, protect
immigrants from exploitation and abuse, stimulate their
acquisition and mastery of English, develop their understand-
ing of American government, institutions and ideals and
generally promote their assimilation and naturalization."
The growth of services given has not been matched by increase in staff in
this Division. This is particularly evident in the Boston Office where the staff
of nine, four of whom are social workers, work on the many problems of newcomers,
immigration and citizenship. Retirement of a social worker two years ago left a
vacancy which has never been filled and there is intensive need, not only of this
replacement, but for at least an additional social worker to relieve the tension
and stress of the demands for services where applicants have to wait sometimes an
hour for their turn. Our* present difficulty is giving adequate service with an
inadequate staff. A public office like ours meets difficulties in attempts to limit
The need for our services reflects the changes and tensions which Federal Laws
make in the pattern of living for those from other lands. Integration of the new-
comer is still a major personal problem. Difficulties in family reunions, techni-
calities of residence, immigration and citizenship laws all affect the foreign born
person. The need for a State Office like ours is most apparent, and its use more
constant. Education and knowledge of American ideals and principles is most impor-
tant in the present day world tensions and "cold war" against Communism.
Since its beginning, this Division has had the guidance and assistance of a
Board of six members who hold business meetings monthly concerning policies and
functions of the Division of Immigration and Americanization. They serve without
remuneration. The term of office is three years and two members are appointed
annually by the Governor of the Commonwealth.
Through the years, we have had the guidance and concern and interest of many
dedicated community leaders of many ethnic origins.
Such a person was Mrs. Clementina Langone who, continuously,,, for over fifteen
years, gave dedicated service in behalf of so many persons. With a deep feeling
of loss of her great leadership, her passing away on April 20, 1961; is •memorialized.
The present Board of the Division of Immigration and Americanization consists
of the following members:
Mrs. Gemma Valenti, Medford - Chairman
Mrs. Edith M. Brickman, Brookline
Mrs. Carol Offenbach, Melrose
Mr. Robert Patenaude, North Adams
Mrs, Mary Twomey, Belmont
FALL RIVER OFFICE
A total of 3,722 services to clients was rendered by the Fall River Office
during the fiscal year ending June 30, 196U. This figure represents an increase
over the previous fiscal year. It also served thirty-three separate localities in
Southeastern Massachusetts. The report shows an increase of individuals served,
covering a wide and complex variety of problems.
The most distressing problem this office must contend with, is the small
Portuguese quota. Portuguese ethnic clients consist of more than two-thirds of our
workload due to the influx of Portuguese Nationals who have located in the New
Bedford area during the past ten or more years. This small Portuguese quota separ-
ates families coldly and arbitrarily. For years, husbands, wives and little children
are separated from each other. This problem has worsened in the past two or more
years and unless Congressional legislation, such as H.R. 12305 or H.R. 7700 is acted
upon by the 88th Congress, hardships rather than simple humanity will be served.
The Cuban Refugees who fled from the Castro Regime and entered the United States
apparently did not, to any degree, locate in the Southeastern Massachusetts area.
One section in the City of New Bedford has felt an influx of Puerto Ricans and Cape
Verdian Portuguese Nationals. In this area there are approximately forty-to-fifty
nuns who have fled Castro's Cuba and have opened convents and schools in New Bedford,
Fairhaven, Mattapoisett and Provincetown. These schools are attended mainly by
Puerto Rican Nationals and Cape Verdian Portuguese citizens.
Many of the nuns are natives of Spain and this constitutes a problem of adjust-
ing their immigration status through first preference visa petitions and then appli-
cation for adjustment of their status under Section 2U5 of the Immigration and
During the past fiscal year, this office completed 833 forms. The majority of
these applications were citizenship and immigration forms which unite families. New-
comer letters were sent to hundreds of new immigrants destined to reside within this
district. These letters welcomed the new immigrant to our Commonwealth and advised
them of the purpose of our office and the services available to them in adjusting
their lives in the United States. The response and inquiries concerning these new-
comer letters was most gratifying.
During the past fiscal year, this Agent addressed numerous small gatherings in
the Fall River area. Participation on the "WALE" Radio Program "Sounding Board" was
for an hour and one half. The interview consisted telling of the work in this
office in the field of immigration and citizenship. There was a question and answer
period from local residents via telephone concerning specific problems that they
desired to have answered. I also spoke before the local chapter of the "I Am An
American Day Club" and was the principal speaker at the Adult Education graduation
program in Fall River.
The Southeastern Massachusetts area office has always had excellent facilities
for the non-English speaking newcomers. There has been in this area a definite, open
welcome towards the newcomer on the part of teachers, supervisors and school admini-
strators to enroll these people in the local classes for English training.
The Southeastern Massachusetts area is now on the threshhold of a broad and
bright new future in the field of education with the building of the Southeastern
Massachusetts Technical College located in Dartmouth, offering excellent opportuni-
ties for higher learning to the sons and daughters of these newcomers.
The fiscal year I963-6U ended on a note of hope and expectation. Refugees from
Cuba are looking forward to the day when either their relatives still in Cuba can
join them or when Cuba will again be free. Immigrants from southern Europe are
anxiously scanning the daily newspapers, hoping for Congressional action on pending
legislation to alleviate the immigration laws so they may be reunited with their
We in the Lawrence District Office are not merely witness to these hopes and
frustrations. Rather, we are the motivating factor, since we serve as advisers,
dispensers of information, representatives, secretaries and sympathetic listeners.
Although the Cuban crisis of last year has faded, its repercussions are still
reverberating through our office. Out of necessity, this Agent has even become
conversant in Spanish! Although "hope springs eternal" in the hearts of many Cubans
a number of them have become resigned to the fact that they will be in the United
States for some time. Consequently, the two services most frequently rendered last
year for the Cuban refugees were first, the preparation of forms and the arrangement
of appointments with the United States Consuls in Canada for the issuance of immigrc-
tion visas, and secondly, the completion of affidavits of support to bring to the
United States relatives who had fled from Cuba to Spain or to Mexico.
Although Cubans took 22$ of our time, the remaining 78$ involved natives of
approximately 72 other countries. The predominant subject among these people dealt
with the immigration quota and its restrictions. Among the many groups seeking
assistance and advice in immigration matters were officials and foreign students at
Lowell Technological Institute. This Agent spent one day at the school meeting with
foreign students and helping them to resolve whatever problems on immigration they
may have; giving information and assistance because of knowledge of the laws and
procedures affecting them.
A gamut of emotions was observed at the Lawrence office last years heartbreak,
tragedy, joy and humor. There was the heartbreak of continued separation of father
and married daughter still in Poland due to quota restrictions; there was the
tragedy of the Greek mother returning alone to Greece after bringing her desperately
ill son to the Childrens' Hospital in Boston where even the skill of our famed
surgeons could not save the child's life; there was the joy and pride of admission
to American citizenship of an elderly woman who has been in the United States for 60
years and who never had dared apply thinking she had to know how to read and write
in English until we advised her of the 19!?2 law exempting her; also, there was the
humor of the handsome, unmarried visitor from Italy who thought we should start a
matrimonial agency on the side so visitors could stay in this country.
Citizenship played an important part in the services rendered by our office
last year. This agent was principal speaker at the graduation exercises of the
Lawrence English and Americanization classes at Lawrence High School. This Agent
also participated actively in the naturalization ceremonies held in Lowell and
attended all the naturalization sessions at the Superior Court in Lawrence.
All our news releases were graciously publicized by the Lawrence and Lowell
newspapers and radio stations. A high level of cooperation continued and is contin-
uing between this office and all the public and private agencies with whom we came
in contact. Newcomers to this area were welcomed by letter and those who had prob-
lems not related to immigration or citizenship were referred to the proper resources.
Last May, this Agent experienced a real thrill. The Cuban refugees in Lawrence
have formed a Cubans-in-exile club and on May 22, they invited me to attend an affair
they were holding. I arrived late and the hall was filled. I stood in the back,
listening to the main speaker, a professor from Merrimack College in North Andover,
Massachusetts. The president of the club was seated next to the speaker, and as soor
as he saw me, he arose and whispered something to the professor who stopped his
speech. Then, pointing to me, the president motioned me to go sit next to him. As
I started to walk up the aisle, I understood him when he announced in Spanish: "Mr.
Ansara, representative of the Immigration Office in Lawrence". Immediately, everyone
in the hall stood and applauded. They continued clapping enthusiastically until I
reached the front and sat down. I knew they were not applauding me, personally. I
was a symbol, and this was their way of saying: "Thank you, America."
In the year ending June 30, 196h, a total of 3,715 recorded services were given
by the branch office at Springfield. Individuals from h9 localities in the four
western counties came to us and we had correspondence from 5>U former residents now
residing in other parts of the United States who came to our community upon their
arrival in this country.
Our clients included 5k different nationality groups. French-Canadians led
this classification with the next largest categories being United States -born
persons, natives of Italy, Germany and Poland.
Last year 6£l letters were sent to newly arrived immigrant families destined to
our district. Responses from them and personal contacts with them were indeed re-
warding. We have counseled them and aided many to adjust to their new way of life
in America. All expressed their gratitude at the thought of having an agency such
as ours to welcome them and to which they can come to obtain the many technical
services offered to them by this Commonwealth.
Many of the applicants for naturalization required urgent attention - some be-
cause of employment and others because they were dependents of Air Force Personnel
about to go overseas. The majority of certificates of citizenship were made for
small children born abroad while their fathers were stationed overseas with our
On July 8, we witnessed the naturalization of a gentleman who was born in 1911
in a country now classified as one behind the Iron Curtain. He gained considerable
publicity, internationally, because of his manner of escape from his homeland. He
first came to our attention in 195? after he was temporarily admitted to this
country. This office assisted him in obtaining an immigrant visa at Montreal,
Canada, to enter the United States for permanent residence. At the time of the pre-
paration of his application for citizenship, he asked the district agent to be one
of his witnesses. He felt that it would be an honor to be sponsored for citizenship
by a representative of the agency that did so much for him during the time that he
has lived in this country. He was greatly disappointed to learn that the agent
would not qualify.
Cuban Refugees in our area have sought our aid in becoming permanent residents
of this country. fe aided them by making the necessary arrangements for them to
obtain appointments at the American Consulate at Montreal, Canada to obtain immi-
One such case concerned a lady and her three small children paroled into the
United States in 1962. All were born in Cuba. This woman has a husband who was
born in Lebanon - a resident of .'Cuba for many years and at present resides in Spain.
Immigration work has been frustrating at times because of the inability of so
many people to have immediate members of their families join them in the United
States. Our clients definitely appear to be in a position to financially give these
people a better way of life here and to relieve them of some of their hardships. We
have assisted all in preparing, when possible, petitions, affidavits, etc., hoping
that, in the near future, families abroad may qualify for visas to come to the
It is hoped that the present Congress may give favorable consideration to re-
vising and modernizing our Immigration Laws which will permit the reuniting of
families. If it does, we can anticipate an increase in our work of assisting resi-
dents of our area in executing the required applications to sponsor relatives.
During the year, publicity was given in our local press concerning activities,
as well as important information of benefit to the non-citizen. Contacts were made
with the teachers of Adult Education to whom we refer so many of our new immigrants.
Additional publicity concerning the duties and functions of the Division as con-
tained in a bulletin of information prepared by our Supervisor was sent to racial
groups and agencies not circularized the previous year.
Attendance at Court for final naturalization hearings lends precedence to the
function of this agency.
Excellent cooperation has been manifested throughout the year in our relations
with other public and private agencies. It is a great source of satisfaction to us
to learn by these contacts that we are fulfilling the functions required of us under
the law that established our Agency. We are particularly pleased with the splendid
cooperation received from the very courteous and efficient personnel in the local
office of the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service.
Worcester County, including the City of Worcester, often referred to as the
"Heart of the Commonwealth", with only a small airport and no seaport has a number
of resident foreign stock, approximating the high hQ% average for the state of
During the year 3,319 individuals came into the office to have $,2kl forms com-
pleted and services performed, concerning immigration, Americanization and travel.
These people consist of foreign stock descent, native parentage, and non-immigrants,
such as visitors, refugee-parolees from Cuba, students, trainees, and exchange
There has been an increase of persons in the latter group in this area. The
Cubans move here after living temporarily at Miami,, Florida. We are assisting a
number of them with visa applications through the United States Consulate General,
Montreal, Canada. This type of a case has been averaging 6 months to a year for
completion! lately the Consul has been placing the names on an Administrative Waiting
List, due to receiving applications faster than they could be processed, which causes
a further delay and an ncrease in our pending cases. Some of them are employed as
doctors and dentists in state and public institutions, where their services are
It appears that the American Consuls overseas have eased their restrictions on
issuing visitors visas, consequently inhabitants here are requesting friends and
relatives to visit them more freely, also to see the New York World's Fair. We
assist with the necessary Visitor's Affidavit of Support.
The schools, hospitals and institutions are prone to accept students, trainees
and exchange visitors. We advise these non- immigrants concerning the procedure to
apply for extensions of stay and apply for admission or re-admission to the United
States as immigrants under the first preference under the quota for their country,
that is, those whose services are determined to be needed in the United States.
There has been an increasing number of exchange visitor nurses coming frcm the
Philippines, and student engineers from India. One unusual case involves one of
these nurses who should leave the United States for two ynars after completing her
exchange visitor program, but due to "marriage to a Filipino man serving in the United
States Navy for 17 years, she is being allowed to remain here under "Docket Control",
and performs her needed services as a. nurse while he is a seaman.
The world renown Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology, Shrewsbury,
Massachusetts, in -the field of' steroid biology, is in the process of expanding. As
many as 100 scientists and students from other lands spend varying periods at the
Foundation each year. Most of them call concerning immigration questions, and we
have assisted some of them with their Applications for Waiver and Adjustment of
Status. These cases are usually drawn out and quite complicated. Most likely,
this expansion should require more scientists from other countries, and services from
Finally, Worcester has an International Center with the Rotary providing finan-
ces, a full-time staff worker and incidental expenses and the Young Women's Chris-
tian Association an office. The District Agent and his wife attended the official
opening night. It was a colorful affair with many flags 5 numerous international
visitors in native dress mingled with the public in the full auditorium and two
Scotsmen played bagpipes at the entrance of the new Y.W.C.A. building. The atten-
dance shows the community acceptance of people of another ethnic background, and a
project of this type. Quoting the Executive Director that the following will be
provided: "A center of hospitality, special parties, dances and teas; opportunities
for international friends to be entertained in American homes, a teaching program in
English and other needed subjects, a friendly greeting to first-time international
visitors and solutions to problems faced by international visitors" . She came into
our office with some of them and continues to refer others.
Other measures of public relations by the District Agent were: attending a
luncheon meeting in the city concerning immigration proposals to revise the national
origins quota system, appearing on a television show and being re-elected an officer
in a club.
The Worcester Jewish Federation sponsored the meeting, with Mrs. Murphy,
Director of the American Immigration and Citizenship Conference, New York City,
being the main speaker. Topics discussed were a historical review of the national
origins system, current congressional and presidential "bills for changes, some of
the scenes behind the news, the need for revisions, and procedures for interested
persons to contact congressmen, to show the interest of the public in these propos-
als. Social, religious, and labor groups were represented here from the Worcester
and Boston areas.
This Agent took part in a television program with the Immigration Board and the
Boston League of Women Voters. Mrs. George S. Tattan, Supervisor of Social Service,
Massachusetts Department of Education, Division of Immigration and Americanization,
was the guest speaker on the "Expert Opinion" television show, Boston, Massachusetts
and then she answered questions regarding Immigration and Citizenship.
The Agent was re-elected Vice-President of the Monday Evening Club for another
year, a local organization numbering 180 for persons in public contact work and the
social field. Agencies they represent not only send their clients to our office,
but we also have to know the proper agency where to refer ours, in each particular
For the Fiscal Year 7/1/63 - 6/30/6U
1. Booklets, forms, blanks"
2. Citizenship "
3* Immigratio n
5. Other * — — —
6279 1770 285-7 3325 2 179 16,1+10
gTg TO 106 ^91 356 2,738
Eg &5B 590 950 761 3,3 90
'3^3 to 1901 129B Bb2 "5,237
175 777 165 1,270
6. AR-11 "
7 ' DSp -7Q
8. DSP-78( Cuban Waiver)'
9. FS-ltf7 '
10 . FS -510
15. 1-130 "
"225 5T 2j
I-212(Fer. to reenter after Dep.)
I-2U3(Removal to native country
32 . 1-612 (Exch. Student Waiver)
33. Qther Immig Forms
■a — 5?
U2 . n-585
ii3. N-600 " "" ~~
hh* Other Natur. Forms
185 123 22 3 236 2 ,022
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III. EXECUTION OF AFFIDAVITS 2U02 3U9 235 3U9 165 3, £20
16. Affidavit of Support 2090 122 13ft ". £57 102 2,715"
U6. Affidavit of Facts |8 8 Uo ' 8 2 96
1*7. Certificate of Identit y 1+2 2 1 5 5o"
1+8. U.S.S.R. Exit Permi t 16 - ~~^~ 1 Tf
1+9. Polish Assurance 10 10 2b" - 56
50. Bulgarian Affidavit ~ ~~Z I - - 3
51. Other Notarial J9g &9 gg $li 7° ggg
IV. OTHER SERVICES 8537 JU83 1213 U60 281+ 10,977
52. Change of Status (Cards) 633 33 101 21+ 35 826
53. Appearance at Hearings 207 20 6 3 1 2 37
5U. Interpretation & TransT 7 1213 lH 98 130 - 1,U£T
55. Letters 61+81 J66 900 303 21+6 «,"296"
%+ Othe r 3 50 108 - 2 163
V. INTERVIE W ■ 1979 287 78 163 328 2,835
57. Newcomer Interview 1979 2S7 7« 163 328 2,835
T TA L 2lj,998 3,7225,762 5,21+7 3,715 U3,10tU
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III. EXECUTION OF AFFIDAVITS 2U02 3U9 235 3h9 Igg 3,520
U5. Affidavit of Suppor T""" 2090 ~l22 13$ £57 102 2,710"
U6. Affidavit of Facts 38 8 kO ' 8 2 ~96~
U7. Certificate of Identit y U2 - 2 1 5 " 50
U8. U.S.S.R. Exit Permi t 16 - - 1 17
k9. Polish Assurance . 10 10 2d - j?o"
50. Bulgarian AffidavT T 3 — ~"^ " 3
51. Other Notarial ' , 19$ &9 GS SH 76 ggg
IV. OTHER SERVTCES__ 8537 U83 1213 U60 28U 10,977
52. Change of Status (Cards) 633 33 101 2U 35 %26*~
53. Appearance at Hearings 207 20 6 3 1 2 37
5U. Interpretation & Trans. 1213" 1U 90 130 - SBE
55. Letters ggg ^66 900 303 2U6 tt,296
56. Other 3 ' £p 10b 1 - 2 163
V. INTERVIE W 1979 287 78 163 328 2, 835
57. Newcomer Intervie w I979 287 7« 163 320 2,335
I Q TA L 2li,998 3,7225,762 5,2U7 3,715 k3Mk
* ft ■
1 >. .
I - -.
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Fall .r.- ,v Spring -
River Lawrence Worcester field TOTAL
ETHNIC AND NATIONALITY STATISTICS
Armenia (R. or T.)
Dominican Republic 101
\ *1»< .
•A-* • » • "^ •
.1 + *■ *
a • ^1
. . . . ., ,. ., , ^
Boston River Lawrence Worcester field TOTAL
56 * Kenya
58 . Latvia"
$9 . LebanorT
60 . Liberia"
61 . Libya
62 . Lithuania
63 . Macau
6k . Malaya"
6? . Monserrat
69 . Netherlands
70. New Zealand"
72 . Norway
73. Other Countries
76 . Panama
81. Puerto Rico
82 . Rumania
83. Saudi Arabia
85. South Africa"
86 . Spain
87 . Sudan"
88 . Sweden"
89 . Switzerland
91 . Thailand
96. United States
100. Wales IJ*
101. West Indies (Other) "70"
102. Yugoslavia "£22 g 1 ' ' 1<
T0TAL W^E~ J7752 F775S 5,^7 3,715 EJTO
'« »<•> W
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Fall Spring -
River Lawrence Worcester field
L C ALITIES
Fiscal Year 7/1/63 -
i ■ 1 1 ib
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Boston River Lawrence Worcester Field TOTAL
East Brookfield - - - it - T"
East Longmeadow - Z - Uti OT
Easthampton 6 I 16 22
Easton '8 - - - - 8
Edgartown . ^ ' . - U "
Everett ^10 - - h\0
Fairhaven 9 70 - - - 79
Fall River 3" 2,ti00 - ' ' - ; 2,003
Falmouth 36 J2 - '- - 68 ~
Fitchburg """ 16 - - 50 - 66
Foxborough 17 - - Z - 17 "
Framingham 17I4. , 7 - 181
Franklin 34 - - 1U"
Freetown A 6
Gardner 11 . - 61t - 75
Georgetown 1 -' ' i - « 2
Gloucester 5it - - 5U
Grafton , Z Z 117 - H7
Granby . , _ - 20 2"5"
Great Bar ring ton 2 - Z - 1 "3"
Greenfield 6 - - " - 3 9
Grptpn 5"" ' Z . I £"
Hadley - ^ 12 12_
Halifax "" 2 - 2
kamilton U 6 . . jj.6
Hampden " . . 1 6 7
Hanover 9 9
Hanson k _ . ^
Hardwick - it 1 5
Harvard 2 2
Harwich 2 2
Hatfield 17 . . J 7 gg
Haverhill 23 ; 395 : I 5J9"
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Boston River Lawrence Worcester Field TOTAL
Millbury ' '
Millis " -
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Boston River Lawrence Worcester Field TOTAL
Newburyport 5 - 22 - - 27
Newton 736 ' - '6 - - 7E2"
Norfolk " 12 Z Z lT
North Adams ^ ,90' - 15 109"
Nortn Attleborough 11 11 - - - 22
North Brookfield - — 1 - 1
North Reading 12 ' " -5 2 IT
Northampton 2 '- 1 2"5 2T
Northborough - . 30 - 30
Northbridge . . _ ' 17 IT
Norton 7 1 , _ . q
Norwell " g . Z Z J"
Norwood — njr : : : z inr
Oxford * : 50 30
- - 32 32
1 : z Ii7 - Eg
Peaboay lj 7 z 2" 1 Z 13^
Pembroke *" gg ■ ' , ' _ , 2%
Pepperell 2 ' ' 8 ' ' ' 10
Pfetersham ! i _ ' _ " r
Pittsfield " -5— : : ; ^ w
Plainileld "" T~
Plainville o . 1 ■ ', ^
Ply mouth " 12 - Z
Princeton Z -" ' . '' 6
Provincetown i '
2teZ ^76 - 2 - U78
Randolph 5q _ $ Q
Raynham ' 7 ->>><< n n
Reading 3 ^ _ ; .37
Rehoboth 2 - 9
Hevere 307 : z : Z 36T
Rochester 1 _ ' _ _ -.
Kockland gjj — ~ : ; z Kg"
Rockport 7 ~ ' ' ?
Rowley 3 ; _ _ ' _ ^
Russell Z Z ' ' - H H
Rutland . " ol. ->i
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Boston River Lawrence Worcester field TOTAL
S tough tori
Taunton 28 L13 - - - lUl
Templeton 10 . 2 - IT
Tewksbury 22 10 32
Topsfield 10 Z Z Z Z Jo"
Upton _ . 1-1
Uxbridge 3 Z 9k - 97
Wakefield 96 - 12 - - 108
Walpole 92~" T 8 8 - I5ET
Waltham y& . 1 - 5 ST
Ware .9 q r
Wareham ^ 25 - 29
Watertown 502 - 6 - £o8~
Wayland 20 20
Webster 1 - - l6o - 161
Wellesley IIS . . llB"
Wellfleet 10 3 - - 21
Wenham 1^ Z i^
West Boylston " - 50 ^5~
West Bridgewater lit - - - HT
West Brookfield - • , 1^ 3 17
West Newbury ^ Z ^
West Springfield - - , - 102 10?
Boston River Lawrence Worcester field
Westford ""* 2
Westminster ' j"
Weymouth '" H&
Westborough 6 - - -50 a
Westfield Z T — ^ rS r£
westport T"" i\ I " 1— —— — 1=
Westwood ^ - ^~
wnitman T 5 = * B6
Wilbraham ' £ ; -I £i 33
Wilmington " 20*"" Z S — = «
Winchendon g ; ^
Winchester itH 3
Winthrop 3JT"- ^ : gg
ky - g 3Jgn 1 ?.TS5
, : : - - 22
° Ut ° f Stat ^ W - 133 10 S 681,
T ° TAL 2 ^" 8 3,722 g.762 5.2U7 3,715 to.hhk